The Skyscraper Museum is devoted to the study of high-rise building, past, present, and future. The Museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence. This site will look better in a browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or Internet device.
THE TRIBUNE BUILDING: PRESSES
The Pressroom of the New York Tribune.
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 20, 1861.
The Folding and Mailing-room of the New York Tribune.
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, July 20, 1861. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum
These scenes of the press and folding rooms of the Tribune in 1861 make clear the labor-intensive process of mid-19th century printing. Workers can be seen feeding individual sheets of paper into the press and carrying away printed papers. Type was attached directly to the central cylinder; swapping out type for new pages was time-consuming and laborious.
The second image shows the Tribune's folding room. Folding was done manually prior to the invention of mechanical folders in 1876, so a small army of workers was needed to fold the printed sheets into newspapers. While newsboys distributed the bulk of the daily edition of the Tribune, the Weekly Tribune was mailed to its subscribers.
Hoe's New Perfecting Press
New-York Daily Tribune, April 10, 1875. Retrieved from Library of Congress, Chronicling America. www.loc.gov
As the Tribune noted in its April 10, 1875 edition, the Hoe Web Perfecting Press required only two men to operate it, and enabled the editor to hold all his forms open until about 3 o'clock in the morning, instead of locking up half the paper at midnight.
Paper was printed from a web, or roll, and solid printing plates were used in place of individual pieces of type. When folders were added a year later, the Web Press could produce eight-page newspapers ready for delivery at a rate of 12,000-14,000 an hour.