The Skyscraper Museum is devoted to the study of high-rise building, past, present, and future. The Museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence. This site will look better in a browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or Internet device.


23-63 wall

23-63 wallLeft: "Atlantic Mutual Insurance Co.'s Building" --A Short Historical Sketch of the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Co. 1842-1901, pg. 20. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum.
Right: "Trust Co. of America" --King's Views of NY, 1908-1909, pg. 27. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum.

Around 1900, several new buildings on Wall Street broke through the ten- to twelve-story standard of the high-rises of the 1880s and 1890s. On the block between Broad and William streets were the 18-story building of the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Co. at 45 Wall, completed in 1901, which replaced that company's 5-story headquarters built in the 1850s, and the 25-story Trust Co. of America Building of 1907, designed by Francis H. Kimball, at 37 Wall that rose 327 ft. on a lot fronting only 99 ft. In this period before any zoning law regulated shape or height, these buildings rose straight up above their lot lines.

Views of the block photographed in the 1890s show, at left, the United States Trust Building by architect R.W. Gibson, completed in 1888/9 and, at right, the contemporary three-arch fa´┐Żade of the Mechanics' National Bank designed by Charles W. Clinton, which replaced the earlier bank of the same name by Richard Upjohn.

23-63 wall
Left: "United States Trust Company of New York" --King's Views of NYSE 1897-1898, pg. 44. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum
Right: "The Mechanics' National Bank" --King's Views of NYSE 1897-1898, pg. 56. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum.

23-63 wall
"Drexel Building: J. Pierpont Morgan & Co." --King's Views of NYSE 1897-1898, pg. 42. Collection of The Skyscraper Museum.

The elegant Second Empire Drexel Building designed by Arthur Gillman in 1873, was demolished in 1913 for the monumental J. P. Morgan headquarters by Trowbridge and Livingston.


Pre-1850 History of Wall Street
Dutch Origins
New Amsterdam: The Castello Plan
British New York
Early 18th Century
The Slave Market
City Hall
East River Commerce
Fire of 1776
Trinity Churches
Mansions and Banks
Wall Street in 1825
The Great Fire of 1835
Customs House and Merchants Exchange
A Street of Banks
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 South
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 North
New York in 1850
Fortune 1930
Monuments of Wall Street
Early Photographs of Wall Street
Vertical Wall Street
1 Wall Street
23 and 63 Wall Street
Unbuilt Stock Exchange
14 Wall Street
40 Wall Street
60 Wall Street
120 Wall Street
1928-1931 Towers
East River End
Historical Land Maps