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the great fire of 1835
I. N. Phelps Stokes, The Iconography of Manhattan Island, Volume 3, PL 114. Retrieved from

On the frigid evening of December 16th, 1835, a fire erupted in a warehouse at the corner of Exchange and Pearl streets. The conflagration consumed around 650 buildings, and within an hour included the entire south side of the Wall Street to Broad Street. The opulent Merchant's Exchange, completed just twelve years earlier, caught fire around three in the morning, and its great dome collapsed a half hour later. The fire was finally brought under control when firefighters brought gunpowder from the Brooklyn Navy Yard to the base of Wall Street and created a firebreak. Two days later, an eyewitness account published in The Herald conveyed the devastation:

"On going down Wall street, I found it difficult to get through the crowd. The hose of the fire engines was run along the street and frozen. The front blocks of houses between Exchange Place and Pearl street, on Wall, was standing, behind which were all ruin and desolation. At the corner of Wall and Pearl, on looking southwardly, I saw a single ruin standing about half way to Hanover Square. I proceeded, climbing over the hot bricks, on the site, as I thought, of Pearl street, (but of that I am not sure) till I got to the single solitary wall that reared its head as if it was in mockery of the elemental war. On approaching, I read on the mutilated granite wall, "ARTH- TAP-N, 122 PE-L STREET." These were all the characters I could distinguish on the column. Two stories of this great wall were standing-the rest entirely in ruins. It was the only portion of a wall standing from the corner of Wall street to Hanover Square-for beyond that these are nothing but smoke, and fire, and dust."


Pre-1850 History of Wall Street
Dutch Origins
New Amsterdam: The Castello Plan
British New York
Early 18th Century
The Slave Market
City Hall
East River Commerce
Fire of 1776
Trinity Churches
Mansions and Banks
Wall Street in 1825
The Great Fire of 1835
Customs House and Merchants Exchange
A Street of Banks
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 South
Lowenstrom's Panorama-1850 North
New York in 1850
Fortune 1930
Monuments of Wall Street
Early Photographs of Wall Street
Vertical Wall Street
1 Wall Street
23 and 63 Wall Street
Unbuilt Stock Exchange
14 Wall Street
40 Wall Street
60 Wall Street
120 Wall Street
1928-1931 Towers
East River End
Historical Land Maps